Understanding the Super Excellence of Gaudiya Vaishnavism.
So that is the theme, understanding the super excellence of Gaudiya Vaishnavism.
Srila Prabhupada ki jay!
He was and he is Gaudiya Vaishnava, coming in the line of disciplic succession and we are getting connected. So we are making this presentation, I won’t say this is complete presentation but some introductory presentation to make the point that Gaudiya Vaishnavism is super excellent like,
mattah parataram nanyat
kincid asti dhananjaya
mayi sarvam idam protam
sutre mani-gana iva [Bg 7.7]
O conqueror of wealth [Arjuna], there is no Truth superior to Me. Everything rests upon Me, as pearls are strung on a thread.
Krishna said no one is equal to me and no one is superior to me. So Krishna is super excellent personality of godhead. So like that there are different features of Gaudiya Vaishnavism, so we have picked up a few items which are listed here. Achintya-Bheda-Abheda tattva or philosophy or the commentary on vedanta sutra is of Gaudiya Vaishnavas is super excellent, so that one. And Gaudiya sampradaya is super excellent and raganuga sadhana bhakti.
And Goloka dhama, amongst all the dhamas and there are many of them, is the topmost realm, super excellent and that is Gaudiya Vaishnavas preference, they don’t settle on any other level they go all the way to the top, topmost abode, super excellent abode Goloka. Mellows of bhakti, Gaudiya Vaishnavas only settle for the topmost rasa, madhurya rasa. That is what Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu relished and shared.
Super excellence of Srimad Bhagavatam ki jay!
And Chaitanya Charitamrita amongst all the scriptures, there are plenty of them. Srimad Bhagvatam is super excellent. And of all the personalities of godhead Krishna and Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu are the topmost. Gaudiya Vaishnavism is Krishna consciousness.
Our presentation is based on the statements of Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu from Caitanya-matta-manjusa by Srila Viswanatha Cakravarti Thakura.
aradhyo bhagavan vrajesa-tanayas tad-dhama vrndavanam
ramya kacid upasana vraja-vadhu-vargena va kalpita
srimad bhagavatam pramanam amalam prema pum-artho mahan
sri-caitanya mahaprabhor matam idam tatradarah na parah [Caitanya-matta-manjusa]
The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Krishna, the son of Nanda Maharaja, is worshipped along with His transcendental abode Vrndavana. The most pleasing form of worship for the Lord is that which was performed by the gopis of Vrndavana. Srimad Bhagavatam is the spotless authority on everything and pure love of Godhead is the ultimate goal of life for all men. These statements, for which we have the highest regard, are the opinion of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
So the last line says, sri-caitanya mahaprabhor matam idam, this is the mat or opinion of Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. What is his opinion? It is listed in the previous three lines and then tatradarah na parah, there is nothing superior or better than this opinion. Aradhyo bhagavan, when it comes to aradhana,
visnor aradhanam param
tasmat parataram devi
tadiyanam samarcanam [Padma Purana]
Although in the Vedas there are recommendations for worshiping many demigods, Lord Visnu is the Supreme Person, and worship of Visnu is the ultimate goal of life. The Vedic principles of the varnasrama institution are meant to organize society to prepare everyone to worship Lord Visnu.
The topmost worshipable deity is vrajesa-tanayas, son of Nanda Maharaj. His dham, tad-dhama vrndavanam, that is the topmost dham and this is the opinion of Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Then talking of the mode of worship, Sri Krishna is to be worshipped but the way you worship, which way? Radha’s way or Gopi’s way. Gopi’s mood and bhava, this is the best bhava, super excellent and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu recommends you to try to imbibe that spirit, that bhava and follow that mode of worship. Vraja-vadhu-vargena va kalpita, then talking of scripture srimad bhagavatam pramanam, Srimad Bhagavatam is the authority, why? Because Srimad Bhagavatam is spotless puram which other scriptures are not, there are some spots. Some puranas are in mode of goodness, some in passion or some in ignorance but Srimad Bhagavatam is spotless puran and prema pum-artho mahan. The popular purusharthas are dharma, arth, kama and moksha but according to Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu prema pum-artho. You should be striving for prem and not some economic development or ending in moksha. So this opinion of Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the topmost, matchless and super excellent. So we are taking the basis of this statement of Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
So we will be presenting you starting from zero. There are different vaad or isms siddhantas. Buddha presented voidism, ultimately we have to become nothing, do not even exist, zero.
namas te sarasvate deve gaura-vani-pracharine
Our respectful obeisances are unto you, O spiritual master, servant of Sarasvati Gosvami. You are kindly preaching the message of Lord Chaitanya deva and delivering the Western countries, which are filled with impersonalism and voidism.
We always not only hear, say, sing this Prabhupada pranam mantra and that time we say shunyavad and this is shunyavad. Nirvisheshavad, that is one vad that is coming, the next one. The other one is shunyavad, shunya means zero. So what did Prabhupada do? Nirvishesha-shunyavadi-pashchatya-desha-tarine, western country was saved by Srila Prabhupada and how did he do this? Gaura-vani-pracharine, he propagated Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s message and by doing so he saved the population of the west from the onslaught of shunyavad and nirvisheshavad.
So 2500 years ago, Lord Buddha was on the planet and he preached voidism for some reason. Then Shankaracharya appeared, Shiva appeared as Shankaracharya and before he appeared he spoke to Parvati,
mayavadam asac chastram
pracchannam bauddham uchyate
mayaiva kalpitam devi
kalau brahmana rupina [Padma Purana 6.236.7]
Mayavada or Advaita philosophy is an impious, wicked belief and against all the conclusions of the Vedas. It is only covered Buddhism. My dear Parvati, in Kali-Yoga I assume the form of a brahmana (Adi Shankara) and teach this imagined philosophy.
Kalau brahmana-rupina, I will be appearing in the form of a brahmin, I will appear in Kerala in the town called Kalady. Mayaiva kalpitam devi, my concoction, my speculation, my speculative theory I am going to present and name of that is Mayavad. This Mayavad is shastras for sure bug what kind of shastra? Asac chastram, it’s a false. Pracchannam bauddham uchyate, this is covered Buddhism or voidism. I am gonna make little progress and going to elevate everyone, stop them from getting into voidism. I will lift them and I will be making presentation of the philosophy, nirvisheshavaad which is also called Mayavad and it is asac chastram.
Here we go, we had a zero before and now we have one, that’s progress right? Zero to one. So what is this one? Advaitvaad. Aa means no and dvait means two, no two entities or personalities, everything is ultimately one. So what are these two parties which are one according to Shankaracharya? Living entity and supreme personality, so they become one or becoming one is the goal, merging into brahman. Buddha dev said don’t even exist, zero and Shankaracharya said don’t become void but just exist and don’t do anything. Doing is maya, seeing is maya, everything is maya, the form is maya, Brahman Satyam Jagat Mithya. So some progress was made from zero to one but still higher to go.
Then 1200 years ago Ramanujacharya appeared and then Madhvacharya, Nimbarkacharya and Vishnuswami. They appeared in four authorised sampradayas, Brahma, Sri, Rudra and Kumar sampradaya. They wrote commentaries on vedanta sutra and their philosophy has become known as dvaita siddhanta of Madhvacharya, visista siddhanta of Ramanujacharya, shudha dvaita siddhanta of Sri Vishnuswami and dvaita advait siddhanta of Sri Nimbarkacharya. Basically they are all talking of two now. It dosen’t sound like that they are, the siddhanta that we just read, they are talking of two. Living entity and Lord, two, eternally they are two.
Statement of Sri Krishna where he says, “Okay we are part and parcels of Lord”. Living entity is the part and parcel of the lord and how long do they remain parts and parcels? How long? Sanatana. “mamaivamso jiva-loke jiva-bhutah”. Jiva loke- in this lokas, jiva bhutah-living entities they are mama-my parts and parcels, for how long? Sanatana-all the time. Eternally they are parts and parcels. So this is vaisnava siddhanta. Especially, this two, two was emphasized by Madhvacharya. So when you see photograph of Madhvacharya, he shows like a victory. Victory over this mayavada. Defeat it and vaisnavism became victorious.
So, he was very much fought, all of his childs fought against shunyavada. Specially against this advaita impersonal presentation. So advaita advaita advaita. Okay from zero to one to two. For that was not everything, still some more progress has to be made or while emphasizing, making the point two two two two. Living entity and the Lord are two. Okay understand two. Not one, two. So this two was too much emphasized.
The Gaudiya vaisnavism did more a balancing act. Separated too much. Too much distance from each other. Stay away, stay away. You are two, you are separated. You are a living entity, you just tiny creature, stay away. so , Brahma, Madhva and then Madhva was already there. So the Gaudiya Vaisnava, Vaisnavism added a dimension and there was a evolution from zero to one to two to two and one. Simultaneously two and one, simultaneously one and simultaeneusly one and different. So it was our Baladev Vidya Bhushan ki .
He also wrote a commentary. At one point we did not have, Gaudiyas did not have our own commentary on vedanta sutra. Gaudiyas were thinking, there’s no need to write another commentary on vedanta sutra. Srimad Bhagvatam is a natural commentary on vedanta sutra. This understanding of Gaudiya Vaisnavas, so they were not writing. But as a result, the others were not taking as seriously, the Gaudiya vaisnavas. Where is your commentary on vedanta sutra? So there were challenges in Jaipur. Whole history and then Vishawanath Chakraborty Thakur. He was the guardian of the Gaudiya Vaishnavism, gaudiya parampara. So he dispatched his disciples Baladev Vidya Bhushan,you Go and then whole debate and then he compiled Gaudiya Vaisnavas commentary on vedanta sutra or he did not write, did not take credit for writing.
It was written by or dictation was given by Govind dev. Jaipur’s or Rupa Goswami’s Govind dev. And he was just writing and Govind was speaking. Radha Madan Mohan ki. And then, so when compilation was completed, he gave the title, they say Govind Bhashya. This Bhashya, this commentary, whose commentary is this? Govind. Govind gave commentary. Govind made the commentary. So that’s how Gaudiya Vaisanavas commentary is known as Govind Bhashya, which was compiled. Baladev Vidya Bhushan became instrument and the philosophy now was “Achintyabhedabhed”. Achintya- Inconceivable, also fact, bhedabhed-bhed and what , abhed. Bhed is what difference, abheda means no difference. There is difference, there is no difference. So qualitatively, living entity and the Lord, Supreme Personality and living entity are quantitatively same and quantitatively they are different. So this way abhed and bhed was established and it took some. How long did it take? Some 2000 years. From zero to one to two, one and two simultaneously. One and difference.
What I meant was style now, there’s no more evolution or any further progress to be made. Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu sealed the deal. This is it.
So what we see, you are seeing. This is Mayapur dham. Nawadwip dham ki. And the personality in blue, bluish garments is Nityananda Prabhu and the other one in white robes, that is Jiva Goswami and Nityananda Prabhu gave tour to Jiva Goswami of Nawadwip, Nawadwip Parikrama. But before that happened 500 years ago, all these four acharyas, Vaishnava acharyas that we mentioned to you. Even we showed you how they looked like. They all one by one, during whenever they were on the planet, they were visiting Mayapur Nawadwip and each one of them had darshan of Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
Srila Bhaktivinod Thakur talks about this is in Nawadwip Mandal, Nawadwip dham Mahatmya. Scripture that we used as a guide book when we go on Nawadwip Mandal parikrama. So in there, he talks about these acharyas visiting and take a note Ramananujacharya visited some 1000 years ago. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu only appeared 500 years ago. So how come he managed to get darshan. So understanding is Nawadwip is the Lord’s eternal abode and is always there. His …either manifest or unmanifest, prakat or aprakat. So during aprakat lila when lord had not officially appeared or come, not remove the curtain. So before lord making an appearance. So these achayras were encounters with the lord, darshans.
So Srila Bhaktivinod Thakur talks that when he met Nimbarkacharya, once they were going so Nimbarkacharya visited Nawadwip and had darshan encountered dialogue with Gauranga Mahaprabhu. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said, “You know what I’m gonna do is, I’m gonna accept two of the best qualities from each of these four Vaisnava Sampradaya. They are authorised sampradayas.”
“Sampradaya-vihina ye mantras te nisphala matah”
You have to be connected with authorised parampara so these are the four authorised paramparas. So, that is not only Mahaprabhu said, but he also did that and what are the two qualities from 4 of those sampradayas Chaitanya Mahaprabhu accepted within his sampradaya. This is a list based on, information based on Nawadwip dham Mahatmya.
So from Sri sampradaya, he accepted this two qualities, Ananya Bhakti and Bhaktjan seva.
From Madhvacharya Keval Advaitcharya niraas. Means he was a crusader, he really fought for the khandan. Mayavada khandan,mandan, mundan. So that spirit of Madhavacharya, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu accepted within his sampradaya. And then he also said saying,
“mayavad bhashya sunile, hoile sarvanash, mayavad bhashya sunile, hoile sarvanash ”
If you here mayavad bhashya, you are doomed, you are finished. So this was Madhvacharya’s. He was into this. So that became a part of Gaudiya Vaisnava spirit and fought. So that was from Madhva, keval advaita nirasaan. And nitrya mutri krishna seva. Deity worship. Madhvacharya’s deity worship standards are excellent. So Mahaprabhu accepted that.
From Rudra sampradaya, tadiya-sarvasva-bhava, surrendering, raga marg. A path or process or raga marg. From Kumar sampradaya, ekanta-radhikasraya and gopi-bhava.
So Gaudiya sampradaya become enriched, but then Mahaprabhu took 2 good qualities from other sampradayas making his own sampradaya richer or excellent and matchless. That is a speciality of Gaudiya Vaisnava parampara, Gaudiya Vaishnavism. Sadhana bhakti has two parts, Vaidhi sadhana and Raganug sadhan. We go behind. Anu -to follow, to go right behind, what raga, we follow raag. Raag- attachment. Attachment with the Lord. Raganuga. We are Rupanuga, like that.
So, Krishna’s contemplation before his descent as Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. So in Goloka, Krishna is still there and he wants to come down to the earth. So before appearance, thinking, who is thinking? He could think right. He is a thinker .God is thinking . Contemplating. Stop, Think, Proceed. Right. Before proceeding to come down here, he has stopped and he is thinking. Okay what are his thoughts. So this is based on Chaitanya Charitamrita (Adi lila 4.15) .
r?ga-m?rga bhakti loke karite prac?ra?a
prema-rasa-niry?sa karite ?sv?dana
Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is contemplating on ‘I want to relish this raga marga’, bhava bhakti marga, gopi bhava, radha bhava, ‘I want to relish and propagate and share this.’ Love weakened by sense of majesty doesn’t satisfy me. I don’t become subservient to such Love. Some other process called aishwarya mishrit or jnana mishra bhakti, there’s understanding that the God is Great and all people in bhakti and all in reverence.
So Lord is thinking, the Love weakens by the sense of majesty. The God is Great. I don’t become subservient to such love. On the contrary, if someone thinks me as his son, if someone thinks me as his friend, if a devotee or someone thinks me as his beloved, he’s equal or inferior then I’m satisfied with him. So this is the Lords thought.
OK, so Sri Prabhupada ki Jay !!!
Srila Prabhupadas Radha Damodar Temple and Srila Prabhupadas lifetime Preparation to come to west, to establish Krishna Consciousness, do foundation registration, do propagation, so prior doing that in Radha Damodar Temple in Vrindavan, Sri Prabhupada all his superexcellent, Gaudiya Vaishnavism, he’s contemplating upon and he’s realizing and as that revealed onto him. So there’s a Srila Prabhupadas Kitchen, doesn’t look like but there’s a kitchen where Prabhupada used to sit and there’s a window and Prabhupada could see through Rupa Goswamis Samadhi, Bhajan Kutir and Srila Prabhupad’s preparing and want to establish the super excellence of Gaudiya Vaishnavism, propagate that and all lot of these things which we are presenting. Srila Prabhupad presented the best.
And then talking about Dhama, topmost Dhama is Golok dhama and Nija Dhama. Golok Dhama and at the bottom where we are? Where Washington DC is? Which part of dhama is this? Devi Dhama. Durga Devis Dhama.
The President is Lord and other guys see as a strings you know as puppeteer. And all of us, each one are puppets. Whether President or citizens, etc, everyone is controlled by Lords energy Durga. So the Devi Dhama here and above this devi Dhama, above the Brahmanda is Mahesh Dhama. Half part of Mahesh Dhama is Devi Dham, the lower half. The upper Half is part of Vaikuntha, it’s as good as Vaikunth, and lower half is part of Devi Dham. So there’s Mahesh Dham, Sadashiv functions in different way being in upper part, and the other half lower part which is dark side or ignorant part or the destructive part (Kal bhairava) of Shiva functions in different way. So Mahesh Dham and Hari Dham and above that is Ayodhya Dham (Sri Ram Dham) and above that is Golok Dham. In Golok comes Dwarka where Krishna is Complete and there’s Mathura where Krishna is Purnatar (more Complete) and there’s Vrindavan where Lord is Purnatam (most Complete) and that Vrindavan realm has two compartments, one is Vrindavan and other one is Nawadwip. So in Vrindavan, one part is Radha Krishna their personalities, they perform their pastimes and the other division of Golok, they combine forms, sri Krishna Chaitanya, Radha Krishna, so that is another part. And Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, gave up Golok, one of the puranas mentions this, that Gaurang Mahaprabhu left Golok behind and entered this world to relieve us. So Golok Dham ki Jay ! assert at top and then the Vichar (Consideration) means to Consider, to analyze, to understand Rasa. Lord is made up of Rasa. He’s full of Ras vigraha.
You see 5 rasa there. This all Chaitanya Mahaprabhu talking to Sanatan Goswami in Varanasi for 2 months the dialogue was on. So it’s based on the Chaitanya Charitamrit, 19 Chapter, the verses are mentioned. Shanta Rasa has Krishna Nishtha and Trishna tyaag (giving up thirst or attachment). Then he becomes Shanta i.e Shanta Rasa Bhakt. You could say the other two items are there, what is added is Seva Bhav. Shanta Ras is not into Seva, he just sits and appreciate or doesn’t have service attitude. But as soon as one is blessed with Dasya Rasa he gets up and he begins acting serving the Lord. Moving forward or going upward Sakhya Ras, what is additional is Vishrambha sakhya. Vishrambha means equality or becoming Samaras. The same Rasa or no distinction level, merging thoughts and same feelings and like that is called Vishrambha. And then Vatsalya has additional aspect called Palak gyan. One who is dealing with Lord in Vatsalya Ras, Vatsalya Parenthood of Nanda Baba and Yashoda, they become palaka, they become protectors and maintainers of the Lord. We’re the maintainers, they think like this. The palak and palya. Palya is Child, and one who does palan is Palak. And there’s a devotee. Devotee becomes Palak. And Madhurya Ras as Nijanga Dan. In one’s body there’s no reservation, there’s no holding back or full surrender. All that they do is only for Lord. Their mind, Body, Soul, everything for the pleasure of the Lord. And that is Madhurya which is the most sweetest Rasa. You could see this Prabhus, one time they were in Shant Ras, but then they made progress and they achieved the status of Dasya Ras. So in Vaikuntha there is predominance of Dasya (service attitude). So there’s a praise for Laxmi Narayan
yam brahmA varuNendra rudra maruta: stunvanti divyai: stavai:
The demigods and others are there for the Dasya Ras. Now this is something interesting that Aishwarya means Sakhya. So Krishna even Declared that you are my friend. So Sakhya Ras between Arjuna and Krishna, but this is Aishwarya mishrit. Then Lord showed universal form to Arjuna and he realized and said sorry to Krishna and to accept his Apologies as he was to lie down on krishnas bed and eat with Krishna in one plate. And realized and said that this is not proper. You are so great and I’m nobody. So this is Aishwarya mishrit Sakhya.We could say Vishrambha Sakhya Ras.
The coward boys would say to Krishna that Who do you think you are? So Lord used to say we’re friends. So this is Vishrambha Sakhya. They never pray to Krishna. After seeing lords universal form Arjuna started crying, and begging for forgiveness. He said I was thinking that I was friend and no no no this is not true. But the friends, they will never apologize, because they’re friends. That’s all. And here is Aishwarya mishrit vatsalya.
So in Mathura, Krishna and Vasudev, Devki and Krishna appeared on Janmashtami night, the parents started offering prayers to the baby Krishna. So this is Aishwarya. But does Yashoda offers prayers ? No, she was strict. Punished him softly when needed. So this is Vishrambha Vatsalya. On this Aishwarya mishrit Madhurya Ras aand Vaikuntha Lokas. But in Vrindavan there’s Vishrambha Madhurya Rasa. So this Vishrambha Vatsalya, Vishrambha Madhurya Rasa, Vishrambha Sakhya Rasa.
So what I am thinking is to stop it here. There are also more aspects than which have been discussed here.
Say something about Bhagavatam or Bhadra purnima. Bhadra is the name of the month, sravan, vaishakh, chaitra then bhadrapad. Lord Krishna also appeared in bhadrapad. So something else also happened 500 years ago in the month of bhadra. So bhadra purnima, full moon night of the month bhadrapada, Srimad Bhagavatam recitation by Sukdev Goswami was completed. The first ever official Bhagavatam was recited in Hastinapur on the bank of Ganga, now it is known as Sukhtal. So there Sukdev Goswami, he started his Bhagavatam recitation in navmi, ninth day of Bhadrapad and seventh day was purnima when completion of Bhagavatam took place. 12th canto of Bhagavatam was recited on the last day and he did more than 12 cantos.
The last chapter of Bhagwatam, pages must be, 335th chapter Bhagwatam has, so this is the last chapter and the title is Glories of Srimad Bhagwatam. 13 th Chapter’s 13th Text, if on the full moon day on the month of Bhadra one places Srimad Bhagwatam on Golden Throne, and gives it as a gift, he will attain the supreme transcendental destination. Hari Bol ! Not a big deal. So Iskcon for some years now have been celebriting, observing Bhadra poornima festival. This day Bhagwatam was completed and was ready to go and was being offered to the whole world. So, Iskcon around the world is appealing to take part in this festival campaign of distribution of Whole Bhagwatam sets. So, this year the poornima is on 13th September if I remember. So this is august now, so next month it is. So, day and night, I would also like if you joined this campaign and get a set of bhagwatam for yourself or if you have one, so get one or many for others to give that as a gift.
dadati yo bhagavatam
[SB 12.13.13]?sa yati paramam gatim
If on the full moon day of the month of Bhadra one places Srimad-Bhagavatam on a golden throne and gives it as a gift, he will attain the supreme transcendental destination.
One who gives Srimad –Bhagavatam as gift attains supreme destination, Jai Golok dhama ki jai.
Just introduced you to Golok dhama. Last year thousands of sets were distributed , I was last night at Baltimore, they distributed 7000 sets. Baltimore is number 4 in the world. Baltimore ki jai. In India also some temples did hundreds and some temple did thousands of Srimad –Bhagavatam sets distribution. We would like to see that happening in Washington DC also.
Radha Madan Mohan ki…jai
Srimad Bhagavatam ki jai
This super excellent scripture. Srila Prabhupada carried to West his japa mala, he had his personal copy of Caitanya Caritamrita and he was carrying 200 sets of Srimad –Bhagavatam. Mahabhagavat Srila Prabhupada ki jai.
Mahabhagavat Srila Prabhupada travelled with Srimad- Bhagavat. Books are the basis. Bhagavatam is the basis of Krsna Consciousness. So we all have to spread Krsna consciousness all over. So we will do it. If you want to change the world the person you have to change is your own self. As I reached I was said to speak few words in support of this campaign.
Bhadra Pornima Bhagavatam distribution campaign ki jai
Srila Prabhupada ki jai