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Pune Bhagavat Katha 2017 – Day Three – Magnanimity of Sri Krsna Caitanya (Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu ki audaryata)

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Srimad-Bhagvatam Katha 2017: Day Three

Venue: Ganesh Kala Krida Manch, Swargate, Pune.

Date: 27 December 2017

Topic: Magnanimity of Sri Krsna Caitanya (Sri Krsna Caitanya  Mahaprabhu ki audaryata)

Hare Krsna! What happened? Om Shanti. You all are silent. Thank you. 

Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu ki ….Jai

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jaya sri-krishna-caitanya prabhu nityananda sri-advaita gadadhara srivasadi-gaura-bhakta-vrinda. 

Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare, Hare Ram Hare Ram Ram Ram Hare Hare

sundara-bala saci-dulala nacata sri-hari-kirtana men

Caitanya Mahaprabhu is dancing in kirtana, whenever there was kirtana Caitanya Mahaprabhu would definitely dance.

bhale candana tilaka manohara alaka sobhe kapolana men
sire cuda darasi bale vana-phula-mala hiyapara dole
pahirana pita-pat?ambara sobhe nupura runu-jhunu carano men

His hair is wrapped in a topknot, and a garland of forest flowers sways upon His chest. Wearing brilliant yellow silken garments (pitambar), He dances with ankle bells (nupur) tinkling upon His feet.

radha-krsna eka tanu hai nidhuvana-majhe bamsi bajay
visvarupa ki prabhuji sahiaota prakat?ahi nadiya men

What you are hearing and understanding?  Sri Sri Radha and Krsna have become joined in one body, and together They play a flute within the grove of Nidhuvana. In this mood, the Lord of Visvarupa has come and manifested Himself in the town of Nadiya.

koi gayata hai radha-krsna nam koi gayata hai hari-guna gan
mangala-tana mrdanga rasala  bajata hai koi rangana men

Someone in that kirtana sings the names of Radha and Krsna, someone else sings songs of Lord Hari’s transcendental qualities, while others play the auspicious rhythms of the sweet and relishable mrdanga drums. 

Our subject of meditation is Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu. There cannot be any other topic.

sada hridaya-kandare sphuratu vah sacinandanaha (CC Adi 1.4)

May that Lord, who is known as the son of Srimati Sacidevi, be transcendentally situated in the innermost chambers of your heart 

Specially for all of us and this age of Kaliyuga, Lord becomes Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu, He is always there in His dhama.

goloka eva nivasaty akhilatma-bhuto

There are two divisions of Golok, one is Vrndavana and other is Navadvipa. In Vrndavana there  is Lord Krsna  and in Navadvipa there is Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Lila is always going on there always. 

sambhavami yuge yuge..kalpe kalpe…manvantare

Six manvantars are over and now the seventh manvantar is going on – named Vaivasvat manu. At end of 28 dwapar yuga Lord Krsna appears. 

paras tasmat tu bhavo ‘nyo vyakto ‘vyaktat sanatanah  (BG 8.20)

Krsna’s superior spiritual energy is transcendental and eternal. It is beyond all the changes of material nature,

Between material world and spiritual world there is Viraja River. And in every brahmanda there is Vrndavana. And  at  end of 28 dwapar yuga Lord Krsna appears and after the dwapar yuga comes Kaliyuga. In that Kaliyuga Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu appears.

It’s said in Caitanya Mangal that Rukmini once said to the Lord,  “Prabhuji, you don’t  know something which I know and more than me Radha knows.” Lord asked, “What? You don’t know I am abhijnah -fully cognizant and svarat, fully independent; I have given knowledge to Brahma.”

abhijsah svarat tene brahma hrdya adi-kavaye (SB 1.1.1)

Rukmini is talking about vipralambha bhava, Love in separation. There is a feeling of separation. sunyitam jagat sarvam. She said, “The pain we feel during separation, You can’t feel, but I can feel it, and more than me Radha and the gopis feel it. So Krsna thought. “ Oh! I want to feel that bhava. I am the cause of the feeling of separation.”

Krsna Das Kaviraj has stated in Caitanya Caritamrta some general reasons for  Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s appearance.

paritranaya sadhunam vinasaya ca duskrtam
dharma-samsthapanarthaya sambhavami yuge yuge

In order to deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to reestablish the principles of religion, I advent Myself millennium after millennium.

Every yuga has its own dharma or process and Kaliyugu’s dharma is Harinama sankirtana. Whenever Kaliyuga come, there is,

harer nama harer nama harer namaiva kevalam
kalau nasty eva nasty eva nasty eva gatir anyatha. 

Kaliyuga will come for 1000’s of times and for those many times its dharma will be Harinama. That time Lord comes as Gaur Narayan. And in this Kaliyuga Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu is doing the work of Gaur Narayan yugavatar. 

Caitanya Caritamrita gives  some confidential reasons why the Lord Himself appears in this Kaliyuga. For that reason Rukmini is saying, “Lord, you don’t  know.” Then Lord says , “Next time when I appear I will know the reason. “

sri-radhayah pranaya-mahima kidrso vanayaiva
svadyo yenadbhuta-madhurima kidrso va madiyah
saukhyam casya mad-anubhavatah kidrsam veti lobhat
tad-bhavadhyah samajani saci-garbha-sindhau harinduh (Sri Caitanya-caritamrta Adi-lila 1.6)]

The love of Radha is called pranaya. There are different states of Love. Desiring to understand the glory of Radharani’s love, the wonderful qualities in Him that She alone relishes through Her love, and the happiness She feels when She realizes the sweetness of His love, the Supreme Lord Hari, richly endowed with Her emotions, appeared from the womb of Srimati Sacidevi, as the moon appeared from the ocean. Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu does different lilas.  He takes sannyasa and spends 18 years in Jagganath Puri and distributes Harinama.

yadi gaura na hoito, tabe ki hoito, kemane dharita de?
radhara mahima, prema-rasa-sima, jagate janata ke

One of our acharyas Vasudev Ghosh has written, if Lord Gaura had not appeared as the yuga-avatara in this age of Kali, then what would have become of us? Who in this universe would have ever learnt about the topmost limits of loving mellows that comprise the glory of Sri Radha? How would this world know about the greatness of Radha-prema. Caitanya Mahaprabhu appeared and first He relished the love of Radha Rani and then gave He it to us. Radha is Gaurangi and Lord became Gauranga. Why did He become Gauranga? To experience the bhava of Radharani. 

namo mahavadanyaya krsnapremapradaya te krsnaya krsnacaitanya namne gauratvise namah

This is pranam mantra at the lotus feet of Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu. First word is also namo means namaskar and last word is also namah. I pay my obeisances  to the Lord and how is He? Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is described as mahavadanya, the most munificent of charitable persons.

Vrndavana dhama is known as madhurya dhama and Navadvipa is audarya dhama. So in Navadvipa Caitanya Mahaprabhu relished the madhurya of Vrndavana in Radha bhava and also gave us the Lord Krsna –  take Krsna.

krsna se tomara, krsna dite paro, tomara sakati ache

Krsna is yours. You have the power to give Him to me. Take Krsna, what people want? There is a shortage of Bhakti bhava. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s complexion is Gaura varna. So He gave us in different forms, mainly He gave Lord Krsna in the form of His holy name.

kali-kale nama-rupe krsna-avatara

The Hare Krsna maha-mantra is the incarnation of Lord Krsna. Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare, Hare Ram Hare Ram Ram Ram Hare Hare

Nama chintamani caitanya rasa vigraha nitya suddha
mukta abhinatvam,abhinatvam nama namino

Harinama is mukta, siddha, and non-different from the Lord.  And His teachings are Radha Krsna.

 hari mukhe mana punya chi ganana kon kari (Marathi abhanga)

So the Lord Himself came and taught us to chant the Holy name. He did not just say, but Himself also chanted the Holy name. He told people to perform sankirtana and He also did sankirtana. This is the main teaching of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Sankirtana is Kaliyuga’s dharam. This is vedavani.

Caitanya Mahaprabhu took sannyasa at the age of 24. Can He be just 24 years? No, He is….

adyam purana-purusam nava-yauvanam ca

Although He is the oldest person, He always appears as a fresh youth

patrapatra-vicara nahi, nahi sthanasthana
yei yanha paya, tanha kare prema-dana

He did kirtana everywhere, Caitanya Mahaprabhu became  a bhakta, He did Bhakti like Radha Rani. In distributing love of Godhead, Caitanya Mahaprabhu and His associates did not consider who was a fit candidate and who was not, nor where such distribution should or should not take place. They made no conditions. Wherever they got the opportunity the members of the Panca-tattva distributed love of Godhead. He took Sannyasa and preached the Holy name.

In Radha bhava, Gauranga Mahaprabhu did sankirtana. Many people without any prior information would come for sankirtana. How would that happen? Through heart to heart connection. Lord in everybody’s heart would inspire them and all would come running for sankirtana. In Maharashtra kirtana means some abhanga and then some bhajans. But Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s kirtan means, Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare, Hare Ram Hare Ram Ram Ram Hare Hare

mahapraboh kirtana-nritya-gita- vaditra-madyan-manaso rasena

Chanting the holy name, dancing in ecstasy, singing, and playing musical instruments. All this would be there in sankirtana. So His main teaching was to do sankirtana. He also said to Nityananda and Haridas Thakur.

bolo krsna bhaja krsna karo krsna sikha

Kirtana is Yajna, it’s also called sankirtana yajna, its mantra meditation, its worship, its everything.

yajnanam japa-yajno ‘smi (BG 10.25)

Lord says in Gita, of sacrifices I am the chanting of the holy names [japa]

Namsankirtana is all in all, there is only one process, harinama or whatever you do is avidhipurvakam.

krsnam vande jagat gurum

Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu is the Guru of Gurus. He becomes everyones’ Spiritual  Master. He gave diksa and siksa  and the mantra to everyone.

ekam sastram devaki-putra-gitam eko devo devaki-putra eva

eko mantras tasya namani yani karmapy ekam tasya devasya seva (Gita Mahatmya)

There is only one scripture, one common scripture for the whole world — Bhagavad-gita. Let there be only one God for the whole world — Sri Krsna.There is only  one mantra, one prayer — the chanting of His name: Hare Krsna, Hare Krsna, Krsna Krsna, Hare Hare/ Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare. There  is only  one work — service to the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu Said,

prthivite ache yata nagaradi grama sarvatra pracara haibe mora nama

“In every town and village, the chanting of My name will be heard.”  And we can see sankirtana is going on all over the world and He left the preaching work to ISKCON and we can all see that’s happening.

He also gave us Siksastakam, eight slokas of siksa.  Ceto darpan marjanam…our heart will be pure –thinking, willing, feeing will be pure. Bharat svachata mission is going on but Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu wanted purification of cetana. Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu started that mission- purification of consciousness. There are eight different slokas and there are eight different benefits we get from them.

ceto darpan marjanam, bhava-maha-davagni-nirvapanam

sreya?-kairava-candrika-vitaranam like that  para? vijayate sri-kirtana-sankirtanam. These  are the words of Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Krsna gave us 700 slots and Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu gave us these eight sloks and taught us levels of bhakti through these sloks. How should the state of our mind be so that we can continuously chant the holy name.

trnad api sunicena taror iva sahisnuna amanina manadena kirtaniyah sada harih

One should think himself  lower than a blade of grass, who is more tolerant than a tree, and  not expect personal honor but always be prepared to give all respect to others can very easily always chant the holy name of the Lord.

ayi nanda-tanuja kinkaram patitam mam visame bhavambudhau krpaya tava pada-pankajasthita-dhuli-sadrsam vicintaya

I am Your eternal servant, but because of My own fruitive acts, I have fallen in this horrible ocean of nescience. Now please be causelessly merciful to Me. Consider Me a particle of dust at Your lotus feet. These are the bhava of Sri Krishna Caitanya Mahaprabhu.

When that day will be mine,

nayanam galad-asru-dharaya vadanam gadgada-ruddhaya gira pulakair nicitam vapuh kada, tava nama-grahane bhavisyati

“My dear Lord, when will My eyes be beautified by filling with tears that constantly glide down as I chant Your holy name? When will My voice falter and all the hairs on My body stand erect in transcendental happiness as I chant Your holy name?

‘gauranga’ bolite habe pulaka-sarira ‘hari hari’ bolite nayane ba’ be nira

When will that opportune moment come to us, when there will be shivering of the body as soon as we chant Lord Gauranga’s name?  While chanting Hare Krsna, when will there be tears in the eyes? 

 Tukaram Maharaja also said , “anandale mana preme pasarati  locana…” His heart becomes filled with happiness and then happiness overflows from his eyes.

yugayitam nimesena caksusa prav?sayitam sunyayitam jagat sarvam govinda-virahena me

“My Lord Govinda, because of separation from You, I consider even a moment a great millennium. Tears flow from My eyes like torrents of rain, and I see the entire world as void.

Now the last slok Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu says in bhava of Radha Rani.

aslisya va pada-ratam pinastu mam adarsanan marma-hatam karotu va
yatha tatha va vidadhatu lampato mat-prana-nathas tu sa eva naparah

Whatever you do  embrace me or  trample Me or break My heart by never being visible to Me. You can do whatever you like, but still no one other than you are the worshipable Lord of My heart.

Once Suradasa was doing kirtan, Devikinanadan gopala……Lord Himself came to hear his kirtana. How must the kirtana be that Lord Himself came? Similarly Tukaram Maharaja did kirtana on the  bank of Indraini and with  a lot of love he called Lord to take him back home back to Godhead. Lord heard his call and sent the  Vaikuntha plane for him. And Tukaram Maharaja said, “ami jato amchya gava”. He was very happy while returning home.

So by listening to Surdas’s kirtana the Lord came and he understood that the Lord had           come. He got up to touch the Lord. The Lord also got up and started running away and he followed Him. But Surudas was old and he could not follow the Lord. Then he said, “Ok your wish, if You want to give darsana, it’s ok or you can go.  I have captured You in my heart and from there You can’t  run away.”

The special team of Sad-Goswami was helping Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu in preaching.

vande rupa-sanatanau raghu-yugau sri-jiva-gopalakau.

The six Gosvamis, namely Sri Rupa Gosvami, Sri Sanatana Gosvami, Sri Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvami, Sri Raghunatha dasa Gosvami, Sri Jiva Gosvami, and Sri Gopala Bhatta Gosvami,

To all of them Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu gave his teachings. He taught Sanatan Goswami for 2 months. That’s called Sanatan siksa and  is famous in Caitanya Caritamrita. And other sastra are Caitanya Bhagavat and Caitanya Mangal, Prabhupada called them as the post graduate syllabus in bhakti. Srimad-Bhagvatam is just graduation.

You should all read these books, Caitanya Caritamrita is written in 60 different languages. The Chinese are also reading this sastra. How much I can say here, then you all are hungry and there is call from your home. So take Caitanya Caritamrita its available.

Now let’s sing this prayer,

gauranga’ bolite habe pulaka-sarira ‘hari hari’ bolite nayane ba’ be nira

When will that moment come to me, when there will be shivering of the body as soon as i chant Lord Gauranga’s name?  While chanting Hare Krsna, when will there be tears in the eyes?

ara kabe nitai-cander koruna hoibe  samsara-basana mora kabe tuccha ha’be

When will I obtain the mercy of Lord Nityananda-candra?  When, by His mercy will the desire for material enjoyment become very insignificant? 

visaya chariya kabe suddha ha ‘be mana  kabe hama herabo sri-brndabana

When the mind is completely purified, being freed from material anxieties and desires, then I shall be able to understand Vrndavana and the conjugal love of Radha and Krsna, and then my spiritual life will be successful. 

rupa-raghunatha-pade hoibe akuti kabe hama bujhabo se jugala-piriti

When shall I be very much eager to study the books left by the Six Gosvami’s, headed by Srila Rupa Gosvami and Srila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami?  By their instruction I shall be able to properly understand the loving affairs of Radha and Krsna.

 rupa-raghunatha-pade rahu mora asa  prarthana koroye sada narottama-dasa

My only aspiration is to attain the lotus feet of the Six Gosvamis headed by Srila Rupa Gosvami and Srila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami.  Narottama dasa constantly prays to attain their lotus feet.

Nitai Gaur premanande Hari Haribol.